Neuropathy is a general term signifying disturbances in the normal functioning of the peripheral nerves. The causes of neuropathy are varied and so is the treatment. Many a times, the neuropathy is almost irreparable and the treatment is mainly focused on preventing further progression of the nerve damage and other supportive measures to prevent any complications due to neuropathy.
Neuropathies due to dietary shortages are generally treated with the replenishment of the lacking nutrient. Neuropathies due to shortage of vitamins like cobalamin, thiamine, pyridoxine, niacin are dealt with by providing the vitamin supplementation orally or by intramuscular injection of the vitamin if deficiency is due to defective absorption of vitamins from the diet. Treatment may or might not entirely reverse the neuropathy and relieve the signs and in lots of cases there is some long-term damage to nerves and consistent symptoms in spite of therapy. Recently neuropathy due to copper deficiency has actually likewise been found. It too is treated with oral copper salts or intravenous injection of copper salts. Once again the reaction is variable and may take many months.
Entrapment neuropathies like carpal tunnel syndrome, radial neuropathy, meralgia paraesthetica, etc are dealt with based upon specific cause and the nerve involved. Carpal tunnel syndrome treatment varies from medical approaches like NSAID (like Ibuprofen), regional injection of steroids in wrist, and preventing annoying elements like typing in wrong positions, use of hand tools etc. If signs not relieved by this technique, then surgical treatment is also an option and is most often alleviative if no irreversible damage to nerve has actually already happened. Again, each neuropathy is unique and treatment varies.
The treatment of neuropathies secondary to other diseases is the treatment of the primary illness triggering the neuropathy. If neuropathy is due to Myxedema, caused by lack of thyroid hormonal agent, then treatment is changing the thyroid hormone. Treatment of Diabetic Neuropathy is mainly encouraging.
Treatment of neuropathy due to food allergy is preventing the allergen food item triggering neuropathy. There might be some specific treatment in certain cases, like neuropathy due to isoniazid can generally be avoided by giving pyridoxine along with it.
Many a times, the neuropathy is nearly permanent and the treatment is mainly nerve damage treatment focused on avoiding additional progression of the nerve damage and other supportive procedures to avoid any complications due to neuropathy.
Entrapment neuropathies like carpal tunnel syndrome, radial neuropathy, meralgia paraesthetica, etc are dealt with based on particular cause and the nerve involved. The treatment of neuropathies secondary to other diseases is the treatment of the main disease causing the neuropathy. Treatment of neuropathy due to food allergic reaction is preventing the allergen food product triggering neuropathy.