Neuropathy is a general term signifying disturbances in the normal functioning of the peripheral nerves. The causes of neuropathy are varied and so is the treatment. Many a times, the neuropathy is nearly irreparable and the treatment is generally concentrated on avoiding more development of the nerve damage and other helpful steps to avoid any problems due to neuropathy.
Neuropathies due to dietary deficiencies are mainly treated with the replenishment of the deficient nutrient. Neuropathies due to deficiency of vitamins like cobalamin, thiamine, pyridoxine, niacin are dealt with by offering the vitamin supplements orally or by intramuscular injection of the vitamin if shortage is due to faulty absorption of vitamins from the diet. Treatment may or may not entirely reverse the neuropathy and relieve the signs and in numerous cases there is some long-term damage to nerves and consistent symptoms despite therapy.
Entrapment neuropathies like carpal tunnel syndrome, radial neuropathy, meralgia paraesthetica, etc are treated based on specific cause and the nerve included. Carpal tunnel syndrome treatment differs from medical methods like NSAID (like Ibuprofen), local injection of steroids in wrist, and avoiding aggravating factors like typing in incorrect positions, usage of hand tools and so on. Surgical treatment is also an option and is most often alleviative if no irreversible damage to nerve has actually already occurred if symptoms not relieved by this technique. Once again, each neuropathy is distinct and treatment is variable.
The treatment of neuropathies secondary to other diseases is the treatment of the primary illness triggering the neuropathy. If neuropathy is due to Myxedema, caused by lack of thyroid hormonal agent, then treatment is changing the thyroid hormone. Treatment of Diabetic Neuropathy is mainly supportive.
Treatment of neuropathy due to food allergy is preventing the irritant food item causing neuropathy. There might be some particular treatment in specific cases, like neuropathy due to treatment for neuropathy isoniazid can usually be avoided by providing pyridoxine along with it.
Many a times, the neuropathy is nearly irreparable and the treatment is primarily focused on preventing more development of the nerve damage and other supportive measures to avoid any problems due to neuropathy.
Entrapment neuropathies like carpal tunnel syndrome, radial neuropathy, meralgia paraesthetica, etc are treated based on particular cause and the nerve included. The treatment of neuropathies secondary to other diseases is the treatment of the main illness causing the neuropathy. Treatment of neuropathy due to food allergy is preventing the allergen food item triggering neuropathy.