Neuropathy is a general term signifying disturbances in the normal functioning of the peripheral nerves. The causes of neuropathy are varied and so is the treatment. Many a times, the neuropathy is almost irreparable and the treatment is generally concentrated on avoiding more development of the nerve damage and other helpful steps to avoid any problems due to neuropathy.
Neuropathies due to nutritional deficiencies are mainly treated with the replenishment of the deficient nutrient. Neuropathies due to deficiency of vitamins like cobalamin, thiamine, pyridoxine, niacin are treated by offering the vitamin supplements orally or by intramuscular injection of the vitamin if shortage is because of faulty absorption of vitamins from the diet plan. Treatment may or may not completely reverse the neuropathy and reduce the symptoms and oftentimes there is some permanent damage to nerves and relentless signs regardless of treatment. Just recently neuropathy due to copper deficiency has also been discovered. It too is treated with oral copper salts or intravenous injection of copper salts. Again the action varies and might take numerous months.
Entrapment neuropathies like carpal tunnel syndrome, radial neuropathy, meralgia paraesthetica, etc are dealt with based upon particular cause and the nerve involved. Carpal tunnel syndrome treatment varies from medical approaches like NSAID (like Ibuprofen), local injection of steroids in wrist, and preventing irritating aspects like typing in incorrect positions, use of hand tools etc. If symptoms not relieved by this technique, then surgical treatment is likewise a choice and is usually curative if no irreversible damage to nerve has actually currently happened. Again, each neuropathy is unique and treatment varies.
The treatment of neuropathies secondary to other illness is the treatment of the main disease causing the neuropathy. If neuropathy is because of Myxedema, triggered by absence of thyroid hormone, then treatment is replacing the thyroid hormone. Treatment of Diabetic Neuropathy is generally helpful. In diabetic neuropathies, some types like Mononeuropathies are reversible but most are irreparable. Rigorous control of blood sugar levels to slow the further progression is of vital value. Other treatment is based on the symptoms, like pain is handled with NSAID and numerous other drugs. Similarly the neuropathy associated with Rheumatoid Arthritis typically reacts to the treatment of Rheumatoid arthritis (with immunomodulators).
Treatment of neuropathy due to food allergic reaction is avoiding the allergen food product triggering neuropathy. There may be some particular treatment in particular cases, like click here neuropathy due to isoniazid can typically be prevented by offering pyridoxine along with it.
Numerous a times, the neuropathy is practically irreversible and the treatment is generally focused on avoiding further development of the nerve damage and other helpful steps to prevent any issues due to neuropathy.
Entrapment neuropathies like carpal tunnel syndrome, radial neuropathy, meralgia paraesthetica, etc are treated based on specific cause and the nerve included. The treatment of neuropathies secondary to other illness is the treatment of the primary illness triggering the neuropathy. Treatment of neuropathy due to food allergy is avoiding the irritant food item causing neuropathy.